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UPSC Prelims 2019 Quick revision notes : World Physical Geography

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GEOMORPHOLOGY

The conceptual clarity of World Physical Geography is vitally important for UPSC as questions are asked from this section and it is also Important to know all about earth. Once studied in detail revision is required during last month before examfor retaining concepts in Exam, This book provides you the important topics to be covered before appearing in Exam.

The material consist of following Chapters :
Unit I: Geomorphology
  1. Universe
  • Origin of the Universe
  • Solar System
  • Facts about Solar System
  1. The Earth
  • Latitudes and Longitudes
  • Occurring of Seasons
  1. Interior of the Earth
  • Introduction to Geomorphology
  • Sources of Information about the Interior
  • Interior of Earth
  • Discontinuities within the Earth’s Interior
  • Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism
  1. Earthquakes, Volcanoes & Tsunamis
  • Volcanism
  • Types of Volcanoes
  • Intrusive Volcanic Landform
  • World Distribution of Volcanoes
  • Earthquakes
  • Seismic Waves on Earthquake Waves
  • Earthquake Zones in the World
  • Earthquake Zones in India
  • Tsunamis
  1. EVOLUTION OF CONTINENTS & OCEANS
  • The Theory of Continental Drift
  • Convection Current Hypothesis
  • Sea – Floor Spreading
  • Plate Tectonics Theory
  • Landforms
  • Fold Mountains
  • Block Mountains
  • Volcanic Mountains
  • Residual Mountains
  • Plateaus
  • Plains
  1. Rocks & Minerals
  • Rocks
  • Rock Cycle
  • Minerals
  • Some Major Minerals and their Characteristics
  1. Weathering, Erosion & Mass Movements
  • Weathering
  • Chemical Weathering Processes
  • Biological Weathering Processes
  • Physical or Mechanical Weathering Processes
  • Mass Movements
  • Erosion Processes
  • Groundwater
  1. Landforms & their Evolution
  • Landforms Made by Running Water
  • Landform Made by Groundwater
  • Landform Made by Wind
  • Coastal Landforms
  • Landform Made by Glaciers
Unit II: Climatology
  1. EARTH’S ATMOSPHERE
  • Introduction
  • Evolution of Earth’s Atmosphere
  • Composition of the Atmosphere
  • Structure of the Atmosphere
  1. Solar Radiation Temperature & Heat Balance
  • Weather & Climate
  • Factors Affecting Climate
  • Solar Radiation
  • Temperature
  • Heat Budget
  • Inversion of Temperature
  1. Atmospheric Circulation & Weather Systems
  • Atmospheric Pressure
  • Pressure Belts of the World
  • Winds
  • Planetary Winds
  • Periodic/Seasonal Winds
  • Local Winds
  • Jet-Streams
  • Air Mass
  • Fronts
  • Cyclones
  • Temperate Cyclones
  • Tropical Cyclones
  • Thunderstorms
  1. Atmosphere Humidity & Rainfall
  • Concepts
  • Evaporation
  • Condensation
  • Types of Clouds
  • Precipitation
  • Global Distribution Rainfall
  1. Classification of Climates
  • Koeppen’s Classification
  1. GLOSSARY
Unit III: Oceanography

  1. Oceans: Oceanic Reliefs, Temperature, Salinity
  • Major Facts about Oceans
  • Continental Shelf
  • Continental Slope
  • Continental Rise
  • Abyssal Plains
  • Submarine Ridges
  • Abyssal Hills
  • Submarine Trenches or Deeps
  • Submarine Canyons
  • Bank, Shoal and Reef
  • Temperature and Salinity of Ocean Waters
  • Salinity
  1. Ocean Movements: Waves, Tides & Currents
  • Waves
  • Tides
  • Ocean Currents
  • Atlantic Ocean Currents
  • Pacific Ocean Currents
  • Indian Ocean Currents
  • Summary of Oceanic Currents
  1. Ocean Deposits, Coral reefs & Islands
  • Coral Reefs
  • Types of Coral Reefs
  • Coral Bleaching
  • Marine Protected Areas
  • Distribution of Coral Reefs in India
  • Examples and Status of Corel Reefs in India
  • Islands
  • Glossary

Unit IV: Bio-Geography

  1. Soil
  • Soil Characteristics
  • Factors Responsible for Soil Formation
  • Stages of Soil Formation
  • Soil Forming Processes
  • Soil Profiles and Horizons
  • Soil Classification
  • Soil Erosion and Conservation
  • Social Forestry
  • Agro Forestry
  1. Vegetation*
  2. Biodiversity & Conservation*

*(Covered in Environment Module)

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