Study Material for Governance


Product Description

Sample Notes :


Role of Civil Services in a Democracy 

Governance refers to all of the processes of governing undertaken by the government – in policy formulation, policy implementation and social sector. It is very significant part of the syllabus as knowledge of it can be helpful in writing GS Mains answers, Ethics answers as well as Essay.  We have updated the content as per the requirement of the paper.

Salient features of the content are:

  • Comprehensive Coverage of Governance of GS Mains Paper –II
  • The material is prepared keeping in mind the necessity of the Aspirants with respect to changing UPSC Pattern
  • GS Mains material covers traditional as well as contemporary dimensions of the topics mentioned in the syllabus
  • Underline sub-topics under the broader UPSC syllabus have also been covered
  • Answer writing practice questions alongwith Hints will be provided to help students in understanding the basic structure of the answer.


The material consists of following Chapters:

Part 1

Chapter 1: Transparency and Accountability

  1. Introduction
  2. How E-GOVERNANCE can Bring Transparency and Accountability?
  3. How CITIZEN CHARTER can bring Transparency and Accountability?
  4. How RTI can bring Transparency and Accountability?
  5. How MEDIA can bring Transparency and Accountability?
  6. How CIVIL SOCIETY brings Transparency and Accountability?
  7. How CITIZENS’ PARTICIPATION can bring Transparency and Accountability?
  8. How Government Institutions can bring Transparency and Accountability?

Chapter 2: Citizens’ Charter

  1. Introduction
  2. Benefits of Citizen Charter
  3. Citizen Charter in India: An Evaluation
  4. Problems Faced in Implementing the Charters
  5. Steps to improve Citizen Charters
  6. Indian Approach to Citizen Charter: Sevottam Model
  7. Administrative Reforms Commission’s Seven Step Model for Citizen Centricity
  8. Right to Service

Chapter 3: e-Governance

  1. What is e-Governance?
  2. Goals of e-Governance
  3. Stages of E-Governance
  4. Major e-Governance Initiatives in India
  5. Reasons for Failure of e-Governance Projects in India
  6. Government-side Barriers
  7. Steps for Implementing e-Governance Projects

Chapter 4: Right to Information

  1. Salient features of the Act
  2. Positive Outcomes
  3. Flaws in RTI and Recommendations for Improvement

Chapter 5: Role of Civil Services in a Democracy

  1. Core Democratic Characteristics
  2. Core Bureaucratic Characteristics
  3. Linkage of Civil Services and Democracy
  4. Evolution of Indian Administrative System Since Independence
  5. Ailments Afflicting Indian Civil Services
  6. Recommendations for Civil Service Reforms
  7. Second ARC Recommendations on Improving Personnel administration

Chapter 6: Relation Between Civil Servants and Political Executives

  1. Models of Political Administrative Interface
  2. Areas of Friction in Relations
  3. Recommendations

Part 2

Chapter 1: Development Processes and the Development Industry

  1. Introduction
  2. Role of Self Help Group in Development
  3. Shortcomings and Recommendations to Improve Self Help Group
  4. Role of NGOs in the Development
  5. Roles and Functions of NGOs
  6. Challenges Faced by NGOs in India
  7. Issue of Fund Mismanagement
  8. Role of Microfinance Institutions in Development Process
  9. Issues Related to Microfinance Institutions and Recommendations
  10. Role of Charities in Development Process
  11. Challenges faced by Charities in India
  12. Recommendations for Improving the functioning of Charities in India
  13. Role of Foreign aid in Development

Chapter 2: Governance: An Introduction

  1. Concept of Good Governance
  2. Issues Concerning Governance
  3. Public Policy Making
  4. Policy Implementation
  5. How to Establish Good Governance
  6. Models for Reforming Governance

Chapter 3: Analysis of Programmes and Policies

  1. Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana (PMJDY)
  2. Swatchh Bharat Mission
  3. National Skill Development Mission
  4. National Food Security Act, 2013
  5. Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana
  6. Smart City Mission
  7. Namami Gange
  8. Niti Aayog’s Report on Rationalization of Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS)

Part 3

Chapter 1: Concept of Human Development

  1. Introduction
  2. Economic Growth and Human Development: two-way link
  3. Measurement of Human Development
  4. Human Development Report, 2016
  5. HDI of India, 2016

Chapter 2: Understanding Poverty

  1. Dimensions of Poverty
  2. Linkage between Poverty and Development
  3. Recommendations of Rangarajan Committee Report
  4. Poverty Alleviation strategy since independence
  5. Programmes for Poverty Alleviation
  6. Concept of Inequality

Chapter 3: Hunger

  1. Manifestations of Hunger
  2. What Causes Hunger?
  3. Challenges to Food Security
  4. Global Hunger Index Report

Chapter 4: Institutional Measures for Welfare of Vulnerable Sections

  1. Issues Related to the Weaker Sections & Vulnerable groups in India
  2. Constitutional Provisions for the Welfare of Society
  3. Institutional Measures for the Welfare of the Society

Chapter 5: Welfare of Scheduled Castes

  1. Issues Faced by Schedules Castes
  2. Educational Development Schemes
  3. Economic Development Schemes
  4. Schemes for Social Development

Chapter 6: Welfare of Scheduled Tribes

  1. Issues Faced by Scheduled Tribes
  2. Educational Development Schemes
  3. Economic Development Schemes
  4. Special Schemes

Chapter 7: Welfare of Minorities

  1. Issues Related to Minorities in India
  2. Institutional measures for the Development of Minorities
  3. Schemes for Welfare of Minorities
  4. Economic Empowerment

Chapter 8: Welfare of Persons with Disability

  1. Census Data
  2. Disability Act: Critical Analysis
  3. Welfare Initiatives for the Disabled

Chapter 9: Welfare of the Senior Citizens

  1. Issues Related to Welfare of Old Citizens
  2. National Policy for Senior Citizens 2011
  3. Welfare Schemes for Senior Citizens

Chapter 10: Welfare Schemes for Youth

  1. Demographic Dividend
  2. Concept of Youth empowerment
  3. Issues
  4. National Youth Policy, 2014
  5. Welfare Schemes

Chapter 11: Welfare Schemes for Children

  1. Issues Related to Welfare of Children
  2. National Policy for Children 2013
  3. Child Welfare Programmes

Chapter 12: Welfare Schemes for Women

  1. Issues Related to Welfare of Women
  2. National Policy for Women, 2016
  3. Schemes for the Welfare of the Women

Chapter 13: Education

  1. Data Related to Education
  2. Different Schemes Covered by the Ministry
  3. Challenges
  4. What can be done to overcome these inefficiencies?

Chapter 14: Health

  1. Health Indicators and India
  2. Public Health System of India
  3. Initiatives Taken In Health Sector
  4. Shortcomings of the Healthcare Sector


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