Study Material for Internal Security


Product Description

Sample Notes :

Organized Crime

Security Challenges in Border Areas 

It forms one of the most important parts of GS Paper III. Usually, 5-6 questions are asked on this topic in Mains Examination. Thus we are providing the updated material on Internal Security which covers – internal security challenges faced by India, the defence governance mechanisms and issues in it, security forces and reforms needed in that.

Salient features of the content are:

  • Comprehensive Coverage of Internal Security for GS Mains Paper III.
  • The material is prepared keeping in mind the necessity of the Aspirants with respect to changing UPSC Pattern.
  • GS Mains material covers traditional as well as contemporary dimensions of the topics mentioned in the syllabus.
  • Underline sub-topics under the broader UPSC syllabus have also been covered.
  • Answer writing practice questions alongwith Hints will be provided to help students in understanding the basic structure of the answer.

The material consists of following Chapters:

Part 1

Chapter 1: Internal Security Challenges

  1. Social Diversity as Issues of Security Threat
  2. Challenges from within
  3. Neighbours as Issue of Security Threat
  4. Non-State Actors as Issue of Security Threat
  5. Global Indices and Measurement of Vulnerability of a State Towards such Non-State Actors
  6. Law and Order vs. Internal Security

 Chapter 2: Terrorism Threat to India

  1. Changing face of Terrorism
  2. Terror Threats Faced by India
  3. Broader Framework to Deal with Terrorism
  4. Drawbacks in Intelligence Infrastructure

Chapter 3: Organized Crime

  1. Types of Organized Crime
  2. Problems in controlling organized crimes
  3. Combating organized crimes
  4. Linkage of Terrorism and Organized Crime in India

Chapter 4: Linkage between Development and Spread of Extremism

  1. Stated Purpose of the Naxal Movement
  2. Why naxalism got huge support from common man?
  3. Why naxalism is biggest threat to internal security?

 Chapter 5: Insurgency in North-East

  1. Introduction
  2. Issues & Conflicts
  3. Assam Insurgency

 Chapter 6: Security Challenges in Border Areas

  1. Challenges to Border Management
  2. Issues Faced in Border Management
  3. Options for India
  4. Community Participation for Border Management

 Chapter 7: Basics of Cyber Security

  1. Basic Definition
  2. Types of Cyber Crimes
  3. Impact and Steps needed
  4. Recent Incident: Ransomware
  5. The National Cyber Security Policy of India 2013

 Chapter 8: Cyber Warfare

  1. Factors Contributing/Aggravating Rise of Cyber Attack
  2. Recent Initiatives for Tackling Cyber Warfare
  3. Way Ahead

 Chapter 9: Social Media and Internal Security Threat

  1. Regulation of Social Media in India for Internal Security
  2. Challenges in Monitoring Social Media
  3. Example
  4. Steps Needed

Chapter 10: Money Laundering

  1. Meaning of Money Laundering
  2. Harmful Effects of Money Laundering
  3. Steps taken by the Government

 Chapter 11: Black Money in India

  1. Parallel Economy in India
  2. What are the various measures taken by Government to curb Black Money?
  3. Demonetization for curbing black money
  4. Impact of demonetisation on black money
  5. Criticisms

Part 2

Chapter 1: Police Reforms in India

  1. The Organisational Structure
  2. Duties and Responsibilities of the Police
  3. Centre’s Role in Policing
  4. Traditional Security Challenges
  5. Non-Traditional Security Challenges (NTS)
  6. Recommendations for Police Reforms
  7. Police we Want in 21st Century

 Chapter 2: Various Security Forces and their Mandate

  1. Assam Rifles
  2. Border Security Force (BSF)
  3. Indo-Tibetan Border Police
  4. Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)
  5. Central Reserve Police Force
  6. National Security Guard
  7. Issues with Paramilitary Forces

 Chapter 3: Role of Army in Internal Security

  1. Strategic Perspective: Why role of Military become important?
  2. National Context
  3. The Indian Army’s Response
  • Structural Adaptation
  • Doctrinal Development
  • Leadership Adaptation
  • Long-term Perspective

Part 3

Chapter 1: Threats, Challenges and Vulnerabilities in 21st Century

  1. Introduction
  2. China: The Long-term Challenge
  3. Managing the China-Pakistan Collusion
  4. Afghanistan
  5. The Immediate Neighbourhood
  6. Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Threat
  7. Aerospace Threats
  8. Maritime Security
  9. Information and Cyber Security
  10. Natural Resources
  11. Conflict over Water
  12. Energy Security
  13. Global Warming
  14. Indian Diaspora
  15. Economic Warfare

Chapter 2: Impact of Governance and Justice Delivery System on Internal Security

  1. Importance of Good Governance in Internal Security
  2. Examples
  3. Reforms Needed

Chapter 3: National Security Mechanism

  1. Improving Policing and Intelligence
  2. Resolving Centre-State Issues in Managing Internal Security

Chapter 4: Issues in Intelligence Services

  1. Response Mechanism in India
  2. What are the Major INTELLIGENCE Challenges?
  3. What can be done to tackle the flaws?
  4. What are the probable measures to improve Intelligence Services in India?
  5. How to Create These Capabilities?

Chapter 5: Strategy for Coastal and Offshore Security

  1. Different Facets of Maritime Security
  2. Different Reporting Mechanism for Handling Security
  3. Importance of Coastal Community Participation

 Chapter 6: Make in India in Defence

  1. Present Scenario
  2. Make in India in Defence
  3. Government Policy
  4. Strategy for Indigenization
  • Skill Development
  • Technology acquisition


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