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Study Material for Indian Society


Product Description

Basic Sociological Concepts


The syllabus of Indian Society covers: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India, Role of women and women’s organization, Population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies, Effects of globalization on Indian society and Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

Salient features of the content are:

  • Comprehensive Coverage of Indian Society of GS Mains Paper I
  • The material is prepared keeping in mind the necessity of the Aspirants with respect to changing UPSC Pattern
  • GS Mains material covers traditional as well as contemporary dimensions of the topics mentioned in the syllabus
  • Underline sub-topics under the broader UPSC syllabus have also been covered
  • Answer writing practice questions alongwith Hints will be provided to help students in understanding the basic structure of the answer.


The material consists of following Chapters:

Part 1

Chapter 1: Unity in Diversity
• Concepts of Unity and Diversity
• Forms of Diversity in India
• Reasons for diversity in India
• Bonds of Unity in India
• Challenges of Diversity to Unity (Challenges of National Integration)

Chapter 2: Basic Sociological Concepts
• Society
• Community
• Association
• Social Structure
• Culture
• Social Norms
• Social Sanctions
• Folkways
• Customs
• Mores
• Values
• Socialization

Chapter 3: The Family and Kinship
• Essential characteristics of family
• Social Importance of The Family
• Types of family
• Major functions of the family
• Changes in modern family
• Modern civilization and family disorganisation

Chapter 4: The Joint Family
• Functions of the Joint Family
• Dysfunctions of the joint family system

Chapter 5: Concept of Patriarchy in India
• Patriarchy in Family
• Patriarchy in Education System
• Patriarchy in Religion
• Patriarchy in Media
• Patriarchy in Legal System
• Patriarchy in Economic System

Chapter 6: Concept of Patriarchy in India
• Meaning of Globalization
• Reasons for Globalization
• Dimensions/Impact
• Anti Globalization Movement
• Neo Localism

Part 2

Chapter 1: Secularism
• Introduction
• Western Concept
• Process of secularization

Chapter 2: Communalism
• Introduction
• Communal violence
• Fight against communalism
• Fundamentalism, communalism and Globalisation

Chapter 3: Regionalism
• Definition
• Regionalism in India
• Types of regionalism
• Effects of regionalism
• Strategies to tackle it

Chapter 4: Sons of Soil Concept
• Definition
• Sons of Soil concept in India
• Examples in India
• Conclusion

Chapter 5: Contemporary Challenges to Nation Building
• Characteristics of existent organizations
• Need for political reforms
• Steps needed
• Conclusion

Part 3

Chapter 1: Social Empowerment
• Introduction
• Constitutional Provisions Relevant to Social Justice & Empowerment of Scheduled Caste
• Constitutional Provisions Relevant to Social Justice & Empowerment of Scheduled Tribes

Chapter 2: Status of Minorities in India
• Constitutional provisions
• Status of Muslims
• Sachar Committee Report
• Initiatives of the Government

Chapter 3: Issued faced by TribalsIn India
• Chronic Indebtedness
• Forest Related Problems
• Destruction of the Forest environment and the Tribal People
• ‘Development’ and Displacement
• Analysis of Forest Rights Act

Chapter 4: The Scheduled Castes: from Untouchable to Dalit
• Population of the Scheduled Castes
• Types of Disabilities of the SCs
• From Untouchables to the Dalits: The Process of Identity Formation
• Combating Mechanism against Caste Atrocities and Violence
• The State Efforts at Dalit Emancipation
• Way Forward

Chapter 5: Women Movements
• Introduction
• 19th Century Women Movements – Under Social Reform Movements
• Women’s Issues DuringGandhian Era
• Issues in Post Independence Era
• New Developments

Chapter 6: Women Empowerment
• Introduction
• Social Empowerment of Women
• Women in Difficult Circumstances
• Operational Strategies
• Institutional Mechanisms
• Economic Empowerment of Women
• Political Empowerment of Women

Chapter 7: Social Justice
• Caste and Politics
• The Reservation Policy Debate
• Social Justice and Social Development

Chapter 8: Social Security in India
• Concept
• Social Security System in India
• Organized Sector and Social Security
• Unorganized Sector and Social Security
• Review of Implementation of Social Security Laws in the Country
• Social Security for Disabled Persons in India

Chapter 9: Poverty
• Dimensions of Poverty
• Linkage between Poverty and Development
• Recommendations of Rangarajan Committee Report
• Poverty Alleviation strategy since independence
• Programmes for Poverty Alleviation
• Concept of Inequality

Part 4

Chapter 1: Urbanization
• Introduction
• Data related to Urbanization
• Issues related to urbanization in India
• Status of Service Delivery and Governance
• Recommendations
• Urban Development Projects
• Critical analysis of Smart City Mission
• Conclusion

Chapter 2: Census 2011
• FAQ on Census 2011
• Census 2011: Literacy in India
• Census 2011: Analysis on Health Data
• Census 2011: Sex Ratio Analysis
• Census 2011: Analysis on Status of Old Age Population
• Family Planning and Population Policy of India
• Socio-Economic Caste Census 2011


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