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Study Material for Modern History

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Sample Notes :

Nationalism

The States Peoples Movements 
The syllabus of Modern History include Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues, the Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

Salient features of the content are:

  • Comprehensive Coverage of Modern History of GS Mains Paper I
  • The material is prepared keeping in mind the necessity of the Aspirants with respect to changing UPSC Pattern
  • GS Mains material covers traditional as well as contemporary dimensions of the topics mentioned in the syllabus
  • Underline sub-topics under the broader UPSC syllabus have also been covered
  • Answer writing practice questions alongwith Hints will be provided to help students in understanding the basic structure of the answer.

 

The material consists of following Chapters:

Part 1

Chapter 1: Advent of Europeans
• Decline of Mughal Empire
• Rise of Regional Politics
• India in Eighteenth Century
• Advent of Europeans
• Factors that led to conquest of India by British
• Conquest of Regional Powers
• Resistance of Indian Powers and causes of Failure
• Evolution of British Paramountcy over Princely States

Chapter 2: British Administration in India
• British Colonialism in India
• British Policies in India
• British Economic Policies and their Impact
• Rise of Capitalist Class
• Activities of Christian Missionaries
• Governors-Generals and Administration Till 1857
• Colonial Administration Till 1857

Part 2

Nationalism in India
• Rise of Nationalism in India
• Social basis of Indian Nationalism
• Rise and Growth of Indian National Congress
• Policies and Programmes of Early Nationalists
• Role of Literature and News-media in Freedom Struggle
v Intensification of Nationalist Movement
• Home Rule League
• Militants and Revolutionaries
• Gadar Movement

Part 3

Chapter 1: Early Resistance to British Rule
• Tribal Revolts
• Civil Rebellions and Peasant Revolts
• Various Peasant Movements in India
• The Revolt of 1857

Chapter 2: Struggle by the Masses
• Trade Union Movement in India
• Peasant Movements in Modern India
• The States People’s Movements
• Socialists and Left Bloc in Congress
• Indian National Army
• Naval Mutiny of 1946

Chapter 3: Social Reforms
• Regeneration, Reform and Renaissance in India
• Social Reformers in India
• Role of Reformers
• Nature and Limitation of 19th Century Renaissance
• Caste Movements

Part 4

Freedom Struggle Movements
• Gandhi in South Africa
• Non-cooperation Movement
• Civil Disobedience Movement
• Round Table Conference
• Poona Pact
• 1939 Tripuri Session
• August Offer
• Individual Satyagraha 1940-41
• Quit India Movement
• British Official Response to National Movement
• Rise and Growth of Communalism
• Partition of India and Attainment of Freedom

Part 5

Chapter 1: Governor Generals During British India
• Robert Clive (1754-1767)
• Lord Warren Hastings (1773-1785)
• Lord Cornwallis (1786-1793)
• Sir John Shore (1793-1798)
• Lord Arthur Wellesley (1798-1805)
• Lord George Barlow (1805-1807)
• Lord Minto-I (1807-1813)
• Francis Rawdon Hastings (1813-1823): (Marques of Hastings)
• Lord Amherst (1823-28)
• Lord William Bentinck (1828-1835)
• Sir Charles Metcalfe (1835-1836)
• Lord Auckland (1836-1842)
• Lord Ellenborough (1842-1844)
• Lord Hardinge-I (1844-1848)
• Lord Dalhousie (1848-1856 great imperialist and colonist)
• Lord Canning (1856-1857 and 1858-1862)
• Lord Elgin-I (1862-1863)
• Lord Lawrence (1862-1869)
• Lord Mayo (1869-1872)
• Lord North Brook (1872-1876)
• Lord Lytton (1876-1880)
• Lord Rippon (1880-1884)
• Lord Dufferin (1884-1888)
• Lord Lansdowne (1888-1894)
• Lord Elgin-II (1894-1999)
• Lord Curzon (1899-1905)
• Lord Minto-II (1905-1910)
• Lord Hardinge-11 (1910-1916)
• Lord Chelmsford (1916-1921)
• Lord Reading (1921-1926)
• Lord Irwin (1926-1931)
• Lord Willingdon (1931-1936)
• Lord Linlithgow (1936-1944)
• Lord Wavell (1944-1947)
• Lord Mountbatten (1947-1948)

Chapter 2: Important Personalities
• Mahatma Gandhi
• Jawaharlal Nehru
• Vallabhbhai Patel
• BalGangadharTilak
• Gopal Krishna Gokhale
• Subhash Chandra Bose
• LalaLajpatRai
• MaulanaAbulKalam Azad
• Rajendra Prasad
• Sarojini Naidu
• LalBahadurShastri
• Chandrasekhar Azad
• Bhagat Singh
• Annie Besant
• BhimraoRamjiAmbedkar
• AcharyaVinobaBhave
• Sri Aurobindo
• Rabindranath Tagore
• DadabhaiNaoroji
• Muhammad Ali Jinnah
• Khân Abdul GhaffârKhân
• Chakravarti Rajagopalachari
• PanditMadan Mohan Malaviya
• Ram ManoharLohia
• ArunaAsaf Ali
• MahadevGovindRanade
• Chittaranjan Das
• Jayaprakash Narayan
• PanditDeendayalUpadhyay
• M.N. Roy
• Erode VenkataRamasamy

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