Study Material for GS Paper 4 (Ethics)


Product Description

Sample Notes :





Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude

This paper include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. We have designed the content keeping this in mind.

Salient features of the content are:

  • Comprehensive Coverage of Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude of GS Mains Paper IV
  • The material is prepared keeping in mind the necessity of the Aspirants with respect to changing UPSC Pattern
  • GS Mains material covers traditional as well as contemporary dimensions of the topics mentioned in the syllabus
  • Underline sub-topics under the broader UPSC syllabus have also been covered

Download Micro-Topics

The material consists of following Chapters:

Part 1: Ethics and Human Values

  1. Dimensions of Ethics
  2. Essence of Ethics
  3. Consequences of Ethics in Human Actions
  4. Ethics in Public and Private life
  5. Values and Ethics in Government
  6. Role of Family, Society and Educational Institutions in Inculcating Values
  7. Basic Ethics Terminology

Part 2: Attitude and Emotional Intelligence

Chapter 1: Attitude

  1. Components of Attitude
  2. Adjustive Function
  3. Attitude Formation Model
  4. Social Influence
  5. Persuasion
  6. Moral Attitude
  7. Political Attitude


Chapter 2: Emotional Intelligence

  1. Theories Associated with Emotional Intelligence
  2. Components of Emotional Competencies
  3. Importance of Emotional Intelligence at Workplace
  4. Importance of Emotional Intelligence in Civil Services

Part 3: Foundational Values of Civil Services and Ethics in Public Administration

Chapter 1: Aptitude and foundational values

  1. Aptitude Introduction
  2. Essential aptitudes for civil servants
  3. Foundational Values of Civil Services
  • Neutrality
  • Anonymity
  • Commitment and dedication to public service
  • Civil Activism
  • Concept of Permanent Civil Service
  • Public Services Management
  • Important Commandment for Civil Servants
  • Civil Services Accountability
  • Ethical Conduct of a Civil Servant
  • Unethical Bureaucratic Practices
  • Responsibility
  • Courage
  • Discipline
  • Integrity
  • Humility
  • Gratitude
  • Vision
  • Innovation
  • Empathy
  • Unity
  • Adaptability
  • Magnanimity
  • Perseverance
  • Balance
  • Simplicity
  • Quality
  • Patriotism
  • Impartiality and Non-Partisanship
  • Loyalty
  • Objectivity
  • Tolerance and compassion for the weaker section
  • Contribution to society


Chapter 2: Ethics in Public Administration

  1. Civil Services Values & Ethics
  2. Status of Values
  3. Problem of Values
  4. Ethical Concerns in Public Institution
  5. Ethical Concerns in Private Institutions
  6. Ethical Dilemmas in Public and Private Institutions
  7. Laws, Rules and Regulations as Source of Ethical Guidance
  8. Accountability and Ethical Governance
  9. Strengthening of Ethical and Moral Values in Governance

Chapter 3: Ethics in International Relations

  1. Moral Judgments in International Relations
  2. International Law Concept
  3. Terrorists vs. Freedom Fighters
  4. Nuclear War
  5. Ethical Relation in Funding

Chapter 4: Corporate Governance & Corporate Social Responsibility

  1. Models of Corporate Social Responsibility
  2. Steps taken by World Bank for Good Corporate Governance
  3. Corporate Government in India
  4. Corporate Values of Few Companies
  5. Corporate Social Responsibility

Part 4: Probity in Governance

  1. Concept of Public Service
  2. Philosophical basis of Governance and Probity
  3. Information Sharing, Transparency and Right to Information
  4. Code of Ethics
  5. Code of Conduct
  6. Citizen’s Charter
  7. Work Culture
  8. Quality of Service Delivery
  9. Utilization of Public Funds
  10. Challenges of Corruption
  11. ANNEXURE – I (Extract From Central Civil Services (Conduct) Rules, 1964)

Part 5: Indian and World Thinkers

Chapter 1: Leaders, Reformers & Administrators

  1. Mahatama Gandhi
  2. Dr. S. Radhakrishnan
  3. Rabindranath Tagore
  4. Swami Dayanand Saraswati
  5. Mahadeva Govinda Ranade
  6. Sri Aurobindo
  7. Swami Vivekananda
  8. Sardar Patel
  9. Jawaharlal Nehru
  10. Buddha Bhim Rao Ambedkar
  11. Periyar E.V. Ramaswamy Naicker
  12. Shri Narayana Guru
  13. Raja Ram Mohan Roy
  14. Amma Savitribai Phule
  15. Birsa Munda
  16. Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj
  17. Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
  18. Mother Teresa
  19. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan
  20. Sri Vitthal Rao Vikhe Patil
  21. Amitabha Chowdhury
  22. Aruna Roy
  23. Chandi Prasad Bhatt
  24. James Michael Lyngdoh
  25. Ms. Swaminathan
  26. Mahasweta Devi
  27. Rajendra Singh
  28. T.N. Seshan
  29. Martin Luther King (Jr)
  30. Nelson Mandela
  31. E Sreedharan
  32. S.R. Shankaran IAS
  33. Shri Kundan Kumar IAS
  34. Ms. M. Manimekalai, IFS
  35. Shri Omprakash Choudhary, IAS
  36. Shri Amit Gupta, IAS

Chapter 2: World Thinkers

  • Socrates
  • Plato
  • Aristotle
  • Democritus
  • Epicurus
  • Niccole Machiavelli
  • Thomas Hobbes
  • Rene Descartes
  • John Locke
  1. David Hume
  2. Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  3. Immanuel Kant
  4. Georg Wilhelmiedrich Hegel
  5. John Stuart Mill

Part 6: 2nd ARC report on Ethics in Governance

  1. Introduction
  2. Ethical Framework
  3. Legal Framework for Fighting Corruption
  4. Institutional Framework
  5. Social Infrastructure
  6. Systemic Reforms
  7. Protecting the Honest Civil Servant
  8. International Cooperation
  9. Relationship between the Political Executive & Civil Service

Part 7: Applied Ethics

  1. Euthanasia Issue
  2. Surrogacy
  3. Ethics and Sports
  4. Media Ethics
  5. Business Ethics
  6. Ethics Related to Economic Sanctions
  7. Refugees and Ethics
  8. Ethical Dilemmas of Globalization
  9. Ethics of War
  10. Environmental Ethics
  11. Ethical Issues in Biotechnology
  12. Animal Ethics
  13. Food Adulteration and Ethics
  14. Abortion: Ethical or Unethical
  15. Honour Killing
  16. Marital Rape
  17. Ethical Issue Involved in Child Labour
  18. Ethical Issue Involved in Treating Juvenile as Adult
  19. Ethics and Old Age
  20. Ethics in Public and Private Relationships

Part 8: Supplementary Ethics

  1. Common good and good governance
  2. India’s pursuit of public good and the democratic dilemma
  3. Good Governance and Citizen Centric Administration
  4. Ethics in Governance: the Indian Perspective
  5. Ethics in Public Life – Reasons & Remedies
  6. Ethics for Civil Services in India
  7. Administrative responsibility: the key to Administrative Ethics
  8. E-governance: Options & Opportunities
  9. Changing Conceptions of Political Morality
  10. Environmental Ethics
  11. Economic Management and Ethics
  12. Ethics in Economic Life
  13. Failure of Ethics in public life-need for Character Building
  14. Reflections on Moral Government and Public Service as a vocation
  15. Ethical Convergence: Synchronizing Public Private Corporate Governance


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